Non-standard thinking, no following the traditions blindly, choosing one’s path and consistent moving ahead is the only way to achieve one’s goals and to make the world at least a little bit better. This way leads through many obstacles, disappointments and challenges, but the example of those who have already passed it helps not to lose one’s heart and find the strength not to stop halfway.
- Nikola Tesla is a physicist, an engineer and an inventor. Theoretical developments and inventions of Tesla gave the basis for creation and development of many modern devices operating on alternating current, multiphase systems and electric motor.He patented a method for producing currents, which can be used for radio communications. He constructed the first radio wave transmitter several years ahead of Marconi.
The name of Tesla is connected with different rumors and legends, even during his lifetime he had a reputation of an eccentric. At the same time in the USA Tesla’s popularity can compete with any inventor, a scientist, or a person of mass culture.
- Alan Turing is a mathematician, a logician, and a cryptographer. He is the founder of the theory of artificial intelligence. His abstract computing “Turing machine” made it possible to formalize the notion of an algorithm and it is now used in theoretical and practical research. During the Second World War he worked in the British cryptographic center as a head of one of the groups deciphering coded messages of German armed forces.He developed a “Bombe” machine, which allowed reading the coded messages created by “Enigma”, the famous Wehrmacht ciphering machine. He was convicted of homosexuality and condemned to compulsory treatment. As a result he could not work in cryptography. He died a year later, of a suicide according to the official version, and because of careless handling of chemicals according to the unofficial version.
- Steve Jobs is the founder of Apple. At the time when computers were considered super complex devices, and used only for calculations and data processing for science or industry, he has designed, developed and brought into the market one of the first commercially successful personal computers.He lost the fight for power in the company and was fired from Apple. Then he bought unprofitable company specializing in developing the graphics hardware and in a few years he turned it into a world-famous animation studio Pixar. In 10 years he returned to Apple and the company changed its business direction towards the development of digital devices.
His colleagues and members of staff noted that Jobs was not an easy person but at the same time he had a brilliant ability to convince and inspire others with his ideas.
- Linus Torvalds is a creator of Linux operational system. He got devoted to computers at his school years. During studying Helsinki University he got interested with Minix operational system, which was written by professor Andrew Tanenbaum. Torvalds had analyzed its advantages and disadvantages and then created his own OS, which was named “Linux”. Professor Tannenbaum had criticized sharply the creation of his follower and asserted that the architecture of OS that Torvalds chose was obsolete. Their debate took place on one of web-sites and captured the attention of many other programmers.
Further events showed that student Torvalds was right and professor Tanenbaum was wrong. At this date Linux is one of the most popular operational systems in the world. It is free and open-source. It is being modified and developed by programmer volunteer community as well as commercial companies all around the world.
- Tim Berners-Lee is the inventor of World Wide Web and the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). His parents were mathematicians and worked on one of the first world computers “Ferranti Mark 1”. Tim himself built his first computer while studying at college, after being nab when playing computer games at class time and denied access to college computer. While studying in the Oxford University Tim and his mates were engaged in illegal activities as hackers and as a result were debarred from using public computers.
Later he worked in the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), where developed the global hypertext project which now is known as World Wide Web (WWW). Working on this project, he Berners-Lee wrote the first world web server “httpd”, the first hypertext browser “WorldWideWeb” and created the first world web site http://info.cern.ch. Later he founded the World Wide Web Consortium which he heads to this days. The primary mission of Consortium is development and implementation of web standards.
For all his work time, Tim Berners-Lee was honored with numerous prestigious awards and titles, including the rank of Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. In spite of this, he lives modest and closed life as effeirs to a real gentleman.
- Dennis Ritchie is a creator of C programming language and one of the ideologist and the main developers of UNIX operational system. Although Dennis Ritchie always was a wallflower of his more famous colleagues, and his name is unknown for a wide range of people, he can truly be named as a legendary geek, the pioneer of information technology.
Without his works all the things we take now as a matter of course would be impossible. The programs Ritchie made are used now in the most simple devices like household appliances controllers as well as powerfull modern supercomputers. Web servers, browsers and most widespread operational systems Mac OS and Windows are written in C languages and its derivatives. On the Ritchie’s works are based the empires of Apple, Microsoft and Google.
Ritchie died the week after the Steve Jobs’ decease, and the news was dissolved with discussions of the significance of Jobs’ figure. Only colleagues, programmers and geeks, were able to appraise in its entirety the contribution of Dennis Ritchie to the development of information technologies.